Namibia is situated on Africa’s south-western seaboard. Its neighbouring countries are Angola to the north, Botswana and Zimbabwe to the east and South Africa to the south. The country is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the west. The country covers 825,615 km² (almost four times the size of the UK and twice that of Germany).

Following independence the country was divided into 13 regions as determined by the Delimitation Commission and proclaimed in March 1992. These are Omusati, Oshana, Ohangwena and Oshikoto in the north, Kunene in the North West, Kavango and Caprivi in the north east, Erongo, Otjozondojupa, Omaheke, Khomas and Hardap in the central part of the country and Karas in the south.

Namibia is a secular state, but over 90% of population is Christian. The system of government is multi-party democracy, with checks and balances exercised through the state organs of the executive, legislative and judiciary. General, presidential, regional and local elections are held every five years. 

In September 1993, Namibia introduced its own currency, the Namibian dollar (N$). It is linked to and on par with the South African rand (ZAR), which is also legal tender in Namibia. Most major foreign currencies and traveller’s cheques can be exchanged and international credit cards are generally accepted as a method of payment.

Windhoek serves as the administrative, judicial and legislative capital of Namibia and has a population of approximately 365,000. The capital has a moderate climate and is situated in the central highlands of the country at 1,650 m above sea level. Windhoek gained municipal status in 1909 and was proclaimed a city in 1965. It boasts a well-developed infrastructure and is regarded as a clean and well-functioning metropolis.

Second only to mining in terms of foreign revenue earned, tourism offers tremendous potential for growth. Different players are involved in tourism. They include investors, private owners, parastatals such as Namibia Wildlife Resorts, Government, represented by the Ministry of Environment and Tourism, and communities, mainly through Community-Based Natural Resource Management programmes are involved in tourism. Tourism comes in many different guises, and the hospitality business, sightseeing, hunting, and trophy hunting all offer lucrative business opportunities.

There are primary and secondary public schools in all the major towns throughout the country and several private schools in the main centres. Namibia has a number of tertiary institutions, namely the University of Namibia (UNAM), Polytechnic of Namibia, the private International University of Management (IUM), two agricultural colleges and central and regional colleges of education.

Time zones: Namibia falls in the GMT + 2 time zone. The country switches to a different time zone during the winter months: winter time is set at GMT + 1 and runs from the first Sunday in April to the last Saturday in August.

AHEAD Program (multifaceted technical assistance on challenges at the livestock / wildlife interface)

Our work is focused on promoting sectorally integrative land-use policy and practice in KAZA. Across much of KAZA, the conservation of wildlife is often in conflict with livestock production; infectious agents that can be carried by wild animals, particularly foot and mouth disease viruses, have made it difficult or impossible for beef farmers to enter the world market, due to restrictions based on the livestock’s proximity to wildlife. However, the current solution—vast fencing to separate livestock and wildlife—interrupts wild animal migration pathways and endangers population survival.

USAID Funded Combating Wildlife Crime Program

Community Development, Anti-Poaching, Improved Prosecution, Improved Communication and Cooperation, Understanding the dynamics of poaching.

Transboundary Natural Resource Management

Specific communities include Imusho Village Action Group in Sioma Ngwezi NP; Inyambo Community Trust; Simalaha Conservancy & Sekute Community Trust in Zambia; Chobe Enclave Conservation Trust (CECT) & Tcheku Trust in Botswana

Desert Kayak Trail

The Desert Kayak Trails is a cross-border product in the AiAis-Richtersveld Transfrontier Park which generates income for the parks as well as for local communities. DKT is based on joint venture between communities, private sector and conservation authorities.

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