Zambia is an entirely landlocked country covering an area of 752,612 km². To the north it is bordered by the Democratic Republic of Congo and the United Republic of Tanzania, to the west by Angola, to the south west by Namibia, to the east by Malawi and Mozambique, and to the south by Zimbabwe and Botswana. Zambia sits on a gently undulating plateau, which is between 900 and 1,500 metres above sea level. This plateau is a mix of woodland and savannah regions interspersed with lakes, rivers, hills, swamps and lush plains.

Zambia has three distinct seasons, the hot, dry season runs from September to October when temperatures range from 27 to 32 °C. The warm wet season is from November to April and the cool dry season runs from May to August when temperatures range from 16 to 27 °C. Average annual rainfall is between 508 and1, 270mm.

Zambia’s population is approximately 13,459,000 (latest census) and most of the people are African, with small Asian and European minorities. English is the official language and is widely spoken throughout the country. There are seven main vernacular languages: Nyanja, Bemba, Tonga, Lozi, Luvale, Lunda and Kaonde, with more than 70 dialects spoken across the country. Lusaka is the capital city and is believed to be the fastest growing city in Central Africa. Livingstone is another main centre, the former capital of Zambia, located eight kilometres from Victoria Falls. In 1972, Zambia was declared a one party State, but reverted back to multi-party democracy in December 1990 and with general elections held in October 1991. The President is the Head of State.

Mining and quarrying account for a large proportion of Zambia’s merchandise exports and have traditionally contributed the largest proportion of the country’s total Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Zambia is presently the world’s fourth largest producer of copper and has around 6 % of the world’s known reserves. Zambia is richly endowed with various minerals such as copper, cobalt, gold and various precious stones including amethyst, blue stones, emeralds, etc. Other contributors to the economy are industry, fishing and agriculture. Zambia’s manufacturing sector’s has continued to show signs of growth in recent years. Its contribution to GDP has averaged 26 %. Zambia’s manufactured export products include engineering products, textiles, building materials, processed foods, animal products, and leather products. Commercial fish production is approximately 70,000 tonnes per year.

The tourism sector has consistently demonstrated growth due to a rich natural heritage, including great waterfalls, rivers, lakes, and a wealth of wildlife roaming in its vast sanctuaries. The most stunning geographical feature is the Victoria Falls, on the southern border with Zimbabwe, and is one of the natural wonders of the world. Zambia has 19 national parks, and 34 game management areas, some of the highlights are Luangwa and Kafue National Parks, Lower Zambezi National Park, Victoria Falls, Mosi-Oa-Tunya National Park and Lochinvar National Park. In addition to the national parks Zambia has beach resorts on Lake Tanganyika at Kasaba, Nkamba and Ndole bays, and Lake Kariba, a man-made lake.

Following the Money II: IWT Capacity-Building, East and Southern Africa

This project aimed to addressed the lack of capacity to use financial-intelligence and investigations in countering the illegal wildlife trade. 


The projects are aimed at building resilient communities and ecosystems

Counter-lllegal Wildlife Trade Taskforce Programme

To train park rangers in counter-poaching techniques, including in (i) fieldcraft, (ii) long range patrolling, (iii) tracking, (iv) how to effectively use information and intelligence, (v) communications, (vi) first aid, (vii) arrest techniques, site forensics, (viii) conducting joint operations, (ix) professionalising adherence to procedure. 

Additional training in junior leadership and intelligence gathering and management will also be delivered. 

Southern African Conservation Fund

  • elephant collaring initiative to monitor movements of 40 elephants across KAZA 
  • Veterinary Cordon fence assessment in Botswana/Namibia 
  • Aerial survey workshop to update standards and methodologies 
  • Assessment of three Wildlife Dispersal Areas 
  • virtual workshop to harmonise wildlife crime legislation across KAZA 

Combating Wildlife Crime and Strengthening Transboundary Law Enforcement Collaboration in Kwando WDA MIKE sites

The sub-project has four expected results aimed at delivering the objective:

(1) Patrol effort, efficiency and effectiveness strengthened, (2): LE operational support systems and capacity strengthened, especially communications systems and the integration of diverse information sources , (3) Cross-border collaboration between Kwando WDA MIKE sites improved to enhance law enforcement across the WDA and to curb transboundary wildlife crime, (4) Project management effectively and efficiently delivered

Combating Natural Resource Trafficking in the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (Phase 1)

Creation of a standardised CITES Customs enforcment Standard Operating Procedure for customs agencies and frontline law enforcement operating within the KAZA TFCA. 
Training of customs officials and other frontline officials on the SOPs  and establishment of CITES knowledge resources within the agencies.

Zambesia Conservation Alliance - A regional Alliance of Conservation organisations.

The above has outlined our initiative goals - the process is 8 months old and the organisation has made good inroads into establishing the alliance of outreach partner organisations. We have also linked this alliance with large credible organisations and will continue to build on this process.

Dignity Landscape KAZA Project

Support "living landscape" initiative where people and livestock are part of conservation solutions.