South Africa

The Republic of South Africa occupies the southernmost part of the African continent stretching from the Limpopo River in the north to Cape Agulhas in the south. Covering an area of 1,219,090 km², the country shares borders with Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe in the north, and with Swaziland and Mozambique in the north east. It  also entirely surrounds the Kingdom of Lesotho. To the west, south and east, South Africa borders the Atlantic and southern Indian oceans. The country’s coastline covers some 2,968 km. Lying 1,920 km south east of Cape Town in the Atlantic Ocean are the isolated Prince Edward and Marion islands, which were annexed by South Africa in 1947.

Summer in South Africa is from October until March and temperatures average between 15 °C at night and 35 °C at noon. Winter is from April to September with temperatures ranging from 0 °C or less at night to 20 °C at midday. Despite regional differences, South Africa’s climate is generally mild throughout the year. South Africa is a semi-arid country with a mean annual rainfall of 464mm per annum, compared to the world average of 857mm per annum, with snowfall limited to the highest mountain peaks of the Maluti-Drakensberg mountain range.

Of an estimated population of 50,586,000, around 77 % are of African origin, 10 % of European descent, Asians 3 % and those of mixed origins, known as Coloureds, 9 %. There are 11 official languages: English, Afrikaans, Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa and Zulu, each of which is the first language for many of South Africa's people. The first democratic elections were held in 1994 and South Africa was then divided into nine new provinces including the Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, North- West, Gauteng, Mpumalanga and the Northern Province. Pretoria is the administrative capital of South Africa, other main centres are Johannesburg, Durban and Cape Town. Democratic elections are held every five years and the Head of State is the President. The last elections were held in 2004

The South African economy is the most advanced on the African continent, with a sophisticated financial system that includes one of the top 10 stock exchanges in the world, and well developed physical, telecommunications, and energy infrastructures. As an emerging market in the global economy, South Africa is a leader and a competitive producer of raw commodity exports and value-added goods, such as motor vehicles. Major contributors of the manufacturing sector include chemicals, food, transport equipment, and iron and steel. Modern and sophisticated metal and engineering industries represent one-third of the manufacturing sector's contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Some 325,000 people are employed by over 9,000 companies. The dependence of the South African economy on mining has declined, and with that also its degree of exposure to commodity prices.

The tourism industry is rapidly developing into an important generator of employment opportunities. It is presently the fourth largest economic sector in South Africa with around 700 hotels, 2,800 guest houses, and more than 10,000 restaurants. The fastest-growing segment in the industry is ecotourism, including photographic safaris, bird watching, botanical studies, mountaineering, snorkelling and hiking. There are 17 national parks in South Africa, the largest being Kruger National Park in the Northern Province and Mpumalanga. Major tourist attractions include Table Mountain and the cable way, Victoria and Alfred Waterfront, Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, Kirstenbosch National Botanical Gardens, Oudshoorn (Cango Caves, Cango Crocodile Ranch, Highgate and Safari Ostrich Farm), Karoo National Park, Sea World, Howick Falls, Drakensberg, Umfolozi Game Reserve, Natal National Botanical Gardens, St. Lucia Game Reserve, Pilgrim’s Rest, Gold Reef City, Pretoria National Botanical Gardens, Warmbaths, Sun City, Lost City and Pilanesberg National Park.

Pro-nature Enterprises for the People of Southern Africa

The project seeks to address the challenges that rural communities living in and around wildlife areas face in building viable livelihoods out of their livestock, land and other resources. Outdated restrictions in place to cur risks from Foot and Mouth Disease from wildlife to livestock, including bans on livestock sales and extensive fencing to separate wildlife & livestock, have heightened poverty & land degradation & blocked wildlife routes. The rangelands compone of the project is based on the Herding for Health (H4H) model.

Proposed re-establishment of the GLTFCA Secretariat

The proposed Secretariat will be an independent entity which is responsible for the coordination and implementation of the GLTP / GLTFCA on behalf of the GLTP / GLTFCA Joint Management Board.  As such, the Secretariat will report to the JMB and support the 3 GLTFCA implementing agencies in collaboration with key partners to implement decisions made by the JMB.  This would include the effective implementation of the various policies, strategies and initiatives approved by the JMB.

GEF 5 Succulent Karoo conservation and expansion

Activities include: Procurement and erection of the Kleinduin and Oogrbaies Wes perimtere fence; daily monitoring, patroling and law enforcement (Area integrity management)

Conservation social networking, ecotourism and land-use planning in Maputaland.

We will produce a transfrontier online social network and a stakeholder-led conservation planning system for Maputaland, a biodiversity hotspot in southern Africa. The social network will give an online voice to the region’s state-, private- and community-led conservation areas and ecotourism enterprises, letting them share news and information, publicising their work and boosting jobs by increasing tourism. The planning system will identify priority areas for conservation and community-based ecotourism that maintain biodiversity and local livelihoods.


The projects are aimed at building resilient communities and ecosystems

Herding for Health

Development of a Conservation & Development Framework for the Pafuri-Sengwe Node

In order to guide the activities of the Joint Park Management Committees in each one of the GLTFCA nodes, an integrated conservation and development framework (CDF) needs to be developed to support the development, management and implementation joint operational activities of the four Joint Park Management Committees in the GLTFCA.

Development of a Sustainable Use & Responsible Hunting Protocol

Given the occurrence of sustainable use practices on various levels of intensity within the GLTFCA, and also the in light of the fact that it has been identified as a community livelihoods option in all three GLTFCA Partner countries, a process has been initiated to develop and draft a sustainable use and responsible hunting protocol for the project.  The main purpose of the proposed protocol would be to ensure that sustainable use and responsible hunting occurs in the various components of the GLTFCA to the benefit of broader society.

Development of a Joint Training Strategy

The JMB has embarked on a process to develop a GLTFCA Joint Training Strategy underpinned by Training Needs Assessment.  This need was identified by that fact that currently there is no structured way for implementing agencies, project partners and donors to implement, participate in and support joint training initiatives within the GLTFCA. The South African Wildlife College (SAWC) was appointed by PPF on behalf of the JMB to assist with the development of the Strategy.

GIZ Funded Programme

Mhlumeni Comunity Bush Lodge; Lubombo Environmental Youth Programme; Lubombo Governance Training