1- Increased crop yields due to agricultural interventions for improved livelihoods in four communities
2- Guardian and community volunteers/Eco Rangers trained in safe incident handling and SMART platform, disaggregated by gender and disability
3- Disseminated information on challenges, successes and suggestions from village heads and traditional leadership from 4 communities through biannual meetings with the 4 community guardians and supervisor.
4- Improved incident response and reporting through Whatsapp messaging, and SMART platform or written records, disaggregated by gender, disability and age.
5- Improve protection of livestock for at least 40 villages through 5 x mobile predator proof bomas for 4 communities in Chief Shana and Chief Mvhutu areas, and an accessible system for livestock management
6- Training of 8 villagers for each boma, with a minimum of 40 total villages, (8-10 villages per community) on how to manage the boma, rotation of bomas between villages, monitoring, and reporting.
7- 20 villages (~100 people) introduced to chili seed cropping for mitigation against elephant crop raiding disaggregated by gender, disability, age and village, and proximity to wildlife boundary
8- Monitor planting, growth and harvest of the chili, and mitigation outcomes of villages utilizing chili vs. control plots without any chili and the economic benefit per household
9- Increase in maize production for 20 villages (~100 people, disaggregated by gender and disability, that utilized the mobile predator proof bomas), compared to 20 control plots (~100 people/ 20 villages, disaggregated by gender and disability) using same seeds