The JMB has initiated a process to develop a Transboundary Freshwater Resource Management Strategy for the GLTFCA. The rationale is therefore to build on present momentum of recent river management successes through Integrated Water Resource Management and expand the systemic approach of aquatic ecosystem conservation to the entire scale of the GLTFCA. Immediate benefits of this approach are the delivery of resilient transboundary outcomes. For instance, environmental flow implementation in upstream countries translates to improved transboundary flow management, fostering enhanced hydro-diplomacy in the form of targets stipulated in treaties and protocols, (such as the IIMA and the SADC Protocol on Shared Water Courses). Moreover, this allows the environmental sector to also meet its mandated requirements (e.g. IPBES, Ramsar, etc.).